Oxycodone Warnings and Precautions

Specific Oxycodone Warnings and Precautions

Some warnings and precautions to be aware of prior to taking oxycodone include the following:
  • Like any other narcotic, oxycodone can cause dizziness and drowsiness, and may increase the risk of falls in elderly people.
  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how oxycodone affects you. Your reflexes and reaction times may be significantly affected, even if you feel fine.
  • Oxycodone can cause slow and irregular breathing, especially at high doses. In severe situations, this may cause life-threatening complications. This may be especially dangerous in people with lung problems.
  • Oxycodone is a narcotic medication with significant potential for abuse. It is not a good choice for people who have a history of alcohol or drug abuse (see Oxycodone Addiction). Do not take the drug more frequently, longer, or at a higher dose than prescribed. If you feel you may be developing a problem with oxycodone, please seek help from your healthcare provider.
  • This medication can cause problems in people with head injuries or high intracranial pressure. Oxycodone should only be used with extreme caution in such circumstances.
  • Oxycodone can interfere with the diagnosis of many conditions that cause severe abdominal (stomach) pain.
  • Check with your healthcare provider before taking the drug if you have hypothyroidism, Addison's disease, an enlarged prostate, or kidney disease, as oxycodone may not be the best choice for you.
  • Narcotics such as oxycodone are likely to cause constipation. This side effect does not go away as you continue to take the drug. Usually, laxatives are necessary to treat and prevent constipation due to oxycodone (see Oxycodone and Constipation).
  • Oxycodone can potentially interact with several other medications (see Oxycodone Drug Interactions).
  • Oxycodone is considered a pregnancy Category B medication. This means that it is probably safe for use during pregnancy, although the full risks are not known (see Oxycodone and Pregnancy).
  • Oxycodone passes through breast milk. Therefore, if you are breastfeeding or plan to start breastfeeding, discuss this with your healthcare provider prior to taking the drug (see Oxycodone and Breastfeeding).
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