Back Pain Treatment

Flexion
The purpose of flexion (exercises in which you bend over) exercises is to:
 
  • Widen the spaces between the vertebrae, thereby reducing pressure on the nerves
  • Stretch the muscles of the back and hips
  • Strengthen abdominal and buttock muscles.
 
Many doctors think that strengthening the muscles of the abdomen will reduce the load on the spine. However, if a herniated disc is causing your back pain, performing flexion exercises may increase pressure within the discs, making the problem worse.
 
Extension
Extension exercises are exercises in which you bend backward. Extension exercises may minimize radiating pain, which is pain that you can feel in other parts of the body other than where it originates. Examples of extension exercises are leg lifts while lying prone and raising the trunk while lying prone. The theory behind these exercises is that they open up the spinal canal in places and develop muscles that support the spine.
 
Stretching
The goal of stretching exercises is to stretch and improve the extension of muscles and other soft tissues of the back. This can reduce back stiffness and improve range of motion.
 
Aerobic
Aerobic exercise is the type that gets your heart pumping faster and keeps your heart rate elevated. It is important to get at least 30 minutes of aerobic (also called cardiovascular) exercise three times a week. Aerobic exercises work the large muscles of the body and include:
 
  • Brisk walking
  • Jogging
  • Swimming.
 
People with back problems should avoid exercises that require twisting or vigorous forward flexion, such as aerobic dancing and rowing, because these actions may raise pressure in the discs and actually do more harm than good. In addition, people with disc disease should avoid high-impact activities. People who are unable to exercise for 30 minutes at a time due to back pain should try three 10-minute sessions and work up to their goal. However, people who have back pain should talk to their doctor or physical therapist about the safest aerobic exercise for them.
 
8 Frequent Pain Syndromes

Back Pain Treatments

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